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No change in a zoning regulation, restriction, or boundary may become effective until after a public hearing at which parties in interest and citizens shall have an opportunity to be heard. Notice of the hearing must be published in the official newspaper once a week for two successive weeks prior to the time set for the hearing. The notice must contain the following items: (1) the time and place of the hearing, (2) a description of any property involved in any zoning change, by street address if streets have been platted or designated in the area affected, (3) a description of the nature, scope, and purpose of the proposed regulation, restriction, or boundary, and (4) a statement of the times at which the proposal will be available to the public for inspection and copying at the office of the city auditor. (NDCC 40-47-04 and 40-47-05)
Annually, on or before May first, the street commissioner shall file with the city auditor a list showing the amount assessed against each lot and stating the name of the owner of each such lot so far as known. The city auditor shall give notice of the hearing and confirmation of the assessment report of snow and ice removal at the regular June meeting of the city governing body by publishing a notice of the hearing once each week for two consecutive weeks in the official newspaper. The last publication shall be not less than eight days before the date set for the hearing. The governing body shall hear any objection to the snow and ice removal assessment and may make corrections before confirming. The city auditor shall attach to the assessment list a certificate that the list is correct as confirmed by the governing body and shall certify the assessment to the county auditor along with other special assessments before August twentieth of each year. (NDCC 40-29-18, 19, 20)
Ordinances adopted by the city governing body that require publication (the title and penalty clause of every ordinance imposing a penalty shall be published in one issue of the official newspaper of the city) shall take effect after the required publication unless otherwise expressly provided in the ordinance. Ordinances that are not required to be published (no fine or other penalty) shall take effect after the final approval by the governing body unless a different effective date is expressly provided in the ordinance. (NDCC 40-11-07)
The provisions of state law relative to referring city ordinances to the voters apply only in cities operating under the commission or modern council forms of government. (NDCC 40-12-01) Most cities in North Dakota (approximately 90%) operate under the council form of government. In those cities, there are no provisions for referring a city ordinance unless the city has included that power in a home rule charter. In commission or modern council cities, an ordinance that has been adopted by the city governing body may be referred to the voters by a petition protesting against the ordinance. The petition must be signed by qualified electors of the city equal to at least ten percent of the entire vote cast for all candidates for executive officier of the city at the preceding regular city election. (NDCC 40-12-08) A different precentage may be provided for in a home rule charter. The petition shall be presented to the governing body of the city before four p.m. on the tenth day after the ordinance became effective.